How causative verbs are used in English sentences.
LET = Permit Something To Happen
- LET + PERSON/THING + VERB (base form)
- I don’t let my kids watch violent movies.
- Mary’s father won’t let her adopt a puppy because he’s allergic to dogs.
- Our boss doesn’t let us eat lunch at our desks; we have to eat in the cafeteria.
- Oops! I wasn’t paying attention while cooking, and I let the food
- Don’t let the advertising expenses surpass $1000.
Remember: The past tense of let is also let; there is no change!
- MAKE = Force Or Require Someone To Take An Action
- MAKE + PERSON + VERB (base form)
- After Billy broke the neighbor’s window, his parents made him pay for it.
- My ex-boyfriend loved sci-fi and made me watch every episode of his favorite show.
- The teacher made all the students rewrite their papers, because the first drafts were not acceptable.
Note: When using the verbs force and require, we must use to + verb.
- The school requires the students to wear
“Require” often implies that there is a rule.
- The hijacker forced the pilots to take the plane in a different direction.
“Force” often implies violence, threats, or extremely strong pressure
- HAVE = Give Someone Else the Responsibility to Do Something
- HAVE + PERSON + VERB (base form)
- HAVE + THING + PAST PARTICIPLE OF VERB
Examples of grammatical structure #1:
- I’ll have my assistant call you to reschedule the appointment.
- The businessman had his secretary make copies of the report.
Examples of grammatical structure #2:
- I’m going to have my hair cut
- We’re having our house painted this weekend.
- Bob had his teeth whitened; his smile looks great!
- My washing machine is broken; I need to have it repaired.
Note: In informal speech, we often use get in these cases:
- I’m going to get my hair cut
- We’re getting our house painted this weekend.
- Bob got his teeth whitened; his smile looks great!
- My washing machine is broken; I need to get it
- GET = Convince/Encourage Someone To Do Something
- GET + PERSON + TO + VERB
- How can we get all the employees to arrive on time?
- My husband hates housework; I can never get him to wash the dishes!
- I was nervous about eating sushi, but my brother got me to try it at a Japanese restaurant.
- The non-profit got a professional photographer to take photos at the event for free.
- HELP = Assist Someone in Doing Something
- HELP + PERSON + VERB (base form)
- HELP + PERSON + TO + VERB
After “help,” you can use “to” or not – both ways are correct. In general, the form without “to” is more common:
- He helped me carry the boxes.
- He helped me to carry the boxes.
- Reading before bed helps me
- Reading before bed helps me to relax.