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Degrees of adjectives

Degrees of adjectives: Adjective the modifiers which modify noun and pronoun. We mostly use adjectives to show the quality, quantity, number, shape and size. In addition, we can use them to show comparisons between two things, persons and places. So, there are three degrees of adjectives

degree of adjectives, positive degree, comparative degree, superlative degree

Three degrees of adjective.

  1. Positive degree of adjective:  An adjective which modifies the noun is called positive degree of adjective.
  2. Comparative degree of adjective: An adjective which is used to compare two thing, persons and places are called comparatives degree of adjective.
  3. Superlative degree of adjective:  An adjective which is used to compare one thing, person, place and group with all other things, persons, places and groups is called superlatives degree of adjectives.

Below we will study Degrees of Adjectives in details

1.Positive degree of adjectives


The positive degree of an adjective makes no comparison. It simply modifies the noun and pronoun.positive degree of adjectives

  • A long road.                                                      
  • The black cat.
  • The white car.
  • A new building.
  • An old aeroplane.

    2.The comparative Degree of adjective:

    The comparative degree of adjective compares two people, things, activity or qualities.    comparative degree of adjective

  • This road is longer than that one.
  • This cat is blacker than that one.
  • The white car is nearer than building.
  • The building is newer than car.
  • A jet plan is faster than aeroplane.

3.Superlative Degree of adjective:  

The superlative degree of an adjective compares a person, thing, activity or quality with  the whole group.

superlative degree
superlative degree
  • The longest road I have ever seen. 
  • The blackest cat cut my way.
  • The whitest cat is beautiful.
  • The newest building is mine.
  • The fastest jet is flying.

Rules for making comparatives and superlatives

One syllable adjectives. As you know that English words are of different syllables.

So what is syllable: a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word; for example, there are two syllables in water and three in inferno. For more you

  1. Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.

One Syllable Adjectives.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
New

Tall

Old

Short

Smart

newer

taller

older

shorter

smarter

newest

tallest

oldest

shortest

smartest

  1. If the one-syllable adjective ends with an –e,just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.

One Syllable Adjectives. With a -e

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Cute

Wise

wide

large

brave

Cuter

Wiser

wider

larger

braver

Cutest

Wisest

widest

largest

bravest

3. If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Thin

Sad

Thin

Big

Thinner

Sadder

Thinner

Bigger

Thinnest

Saddest

Thinnest

Biggest

Two-syllable adjectives

1. With most two-syllable adjective we form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Peaceful

Careless

famous

more peaceful

more careless

more famous

most peaceful

most careless

most famous

Two Syllable Adjectives 
  1. If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y,change the y to “i” and add –er for the comparative form, and for the superlative form change the “y” to “i” and add –est.
Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Pretty

Happy

Angry

prettier

happier

angrier

prettiest

happiest

angriest

  1. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er for comparative form and –est to for the superlative form.
Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Clever

Fine

Narrow

gentle

Cleverer

Finer

narrower

Gentler

Cleverest

Finest

Narrowest

gentlest

Adjectives with three or more syllables.

For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Beautiful

Dangerous

Convenient

comfortable

more beautiful

more dangerous

more convenient

more comfortable

most beautiful

most dangerous

most convenient

most comfortable

Special note:
Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Good

some

Bad

late

Many

Much

Well

Far

Little

Better

more

Worse

latter

More

More

Better

Farther

less

Best

most

Worst

last

Most

Most

Best

Farther/furthest

Least

Note: Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.

Positive          Comparative   Superlative     
Simple

Clever

Gentle

quiet

simpler/more simple

cleverer/more clever

gentler/ more clever

quieter/ more quiet

simplest/most simple

cleverest/ most clever

gentlest/ most gentle

quietest/ most quiet

Note while making superlative adjective do not forget the article. ”the” it should be used.

Position Of Adjective
Adjectives

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