Degrees of adjectives
Degrees of adjectives: Adjective the modifiers which modify noun and pronoun. We mostly use adjectives to show the quality, quantity, number, shape and size. In addition, we can use them to show comparisons between two things, persons and places. So, there are three degrees of adjectives
Three degrees of adjective.
- Positive degree of adjective: An adjective which modifies the noun is called positive degree of adjective.
- Comparative degree of adjective: An adjective which is used to compare two thing, persons and places are called comparatives degree of adjective.
- Superlative degree of adjective: An adjective which is used to compare one thing, person, place and group with all other things, persons, places and groups is called superlatives degree of adjectives.
Below we will study Degrees of Adjectives in details
1.Positive degree of adjectives
The positive degree of an adjective makes no comparison. It simply modifies the noun and pronoun.
- A long road.
- The black cat.
- The white car.
- A new building.
- An old aeroplane.
2.The comparative Degree of adjective:
The comparative degree of adjective compares two people, things, activity or qualities.
- This road is longer than that one.
- This cat is blacker than that one.
- The white car is nearer than building.
- The building is newer than car.
- A jet plan is faster than aeroplane.
3.Superlative Degree of adjective:
The superlative degree of an adjective compares a person, thing, activity or quality with the whole group.
- The longest road I have ever seen.
- The blackest cat cut my way.
- The whitest cat is beautiful.
- The newest building is mine.
- The fastest jet is flying.
Rules for making comparatives and superlatives
One syllable adjectives. As you know that English words are of different syllables.
So what is syllable: a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants, forming the whole or a part of a word; for example, there are two syllables in water and three in inferno. For more you
- Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.
One Syllable Adjectives.
- If the one-syllable adjective ends with an –e,just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.
One Syllable Adjectives. With a -e
3. If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.
1. With most two-syllable adjective we form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
|Two Syllable Adjectives|
- If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y,change the y to “i” and add –er for the comparative form, and for the superlative form change the “y” to “i” and add –est.
- Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er for comparative form and –est to for the superlative form.
Adjectives with three or more syllables.
For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
Some adjectives have irregular comparative and superlative forms.
Note: Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.
gentler/ more clever
quieter/ more quiet
cleverest/ most clever
gentlest/ most gentle
quietest/ most quiet
Note while making superlative adjective do not forget the article. ”the” it should be used.