FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Definition:

It is used to express an action which will occur in future and is thought to be completed in future. It expresses a sense of completion of an action which will occur in future. For example, “John will have gone tomorrow”. It shows a sense of completion of an action (go) which will occur in future (tomorrow).

Rules: Auxiliary verb “will have” is used in sentence. 3rd form of verb or past participle form of verb is used as main verb in sentence.

Structure of sentence

1.Positive sentence

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Subject + will have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples

  • She will have cooked food when she comes home.
  • I will have left for home by the time he gets up.
  • I will have retired by the end of this year.
  • I will have completed my coarse by end of the month.
  • She will have made the sign before you ask.

2.Negative sentence

  • Subject + Not between auxiliary verbs + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Subject + will not have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples

  • She will not have cooked food when she comes.
  • I will not have left for home by the time he gets up.
  • I will not have retired by the end of this year.
  • I will not have completed my coarse by end of the month.
  • She will not have made the sign before you ask.

3.Interrogative sentence

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Will + Subject +have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples

  • Will she have cooked food when she comes?
  • Will I have left for home by the time he gets up?
  • Will l have retired by the end of this year?
  • Will I have completed my coarse by end of the month?
  • will she have made the sign before you ask?

 

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