PAST PERFECT TENSE

                               PASTPERFECT TENSE   

Definition: Past perfect tense is used for an action which was completed before another action in the past.

Formula: sub+had+3rd (v)+object.

Example: The train had left before we arrived.              She had gone to America.

 Note: We use “HAD “for singular and plural subjects.

Example: Ahmed had fixed his car.        We had performed well.

 Positive formula:         sub+had+3rd(v)+obj

I  had done my assignment.

She had written a letter.

Negative formula:        sub+ had+ not+ 3rd(v)+ obj

They had   no    studied the grammar.

He     had   not    broken the chair.

Interrogative formula: Had+ sub+ 3rd(v)+ obj+?

Had  she    cleaned  her room?

Had  they  arranged a party?

Note: We can use time clause with Past perfect tense to show that an action happened before another action.

Example: We had left the party when they arrived.

Time clause: Time clause is a clause which is used to express the time.

Example: They had done their homework when the teacher entered in the class.

The children had slept when we arrived.

Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.

  1. They ………….. gone to their home before we arrived.(have, has, had)
  2. She had ………. her homework.(has, did, done)
  3. They had ……… the project before boss …………….(complete, completed, arrive, arrived)
  4. ……… i fixed my car, he had come .(if, been, when)
  5. You had ……….. the match when your father……….. .(win, won, arrive, arrived)