Pronoun

A pronoun is a word which is used instead of a noun to avoid its repetition.

e.g.,   Ali is searching for the keys because he has lost his keys.

Whose book is this? 

There are mainly seven kinds of pronouns:

  1. Personal Pronouns……………….I, me, You, He, she, they…
  2. Relative Pronouns………………..that, which, who, where…
  3. Interrogative Pronouns…………..who?, whom?, whose?, what?…
  4. Distributive Pronouns……………each, either, neither.
  5. Demonstrative Pronouns…………this, that, these, those.
  6. Reflexive Pronouns………………myself, yourself, himself…
  7. Indefinite Pronouns………………someone, anyone, anything, anyplace…

Personal Pronouns:

The pronouns which are used to denote person or persons are called personal pronouns.

Personal pronouns can be used in:

  • Subjective or Nominative case = I, we, you, they, he, she, it.
  • Objective case = Me, us, you, them, him, her, it.
  • Possessive case = Mine, ours, yours, theirs, his, hers, its.

e.g.,   Ali is studying history because he loves studying it.

Relative Pronouns:

Relative pronouns are used to join two clauses or sentences or introduce them.

e.g.,   The movie is about a prisoner who was a fugitive. .

Relative pronouns are which, that, who(m) and what. The pronoun who(m) is used for person, which is used for animals and things, and the pronoun that is used for both person and thing.

Interrogative Pronouns:

Interrogative pronouns are used for asking questions and these pronouns are who, that and which.

e.g.,   Who knows the formula?

Which one is yours?

Distributive Pronouns:

Distributive pronouns are used instead of their nouns and refer to one person or thing of the same class or kind. These pronouns are each, either and neither.

e.g.,   Each of the boys gets a prize!

          Either of you can go.

Note: Distributive pronouns refer to persons or things one at a time. Therefore, they are always singular and are followed by singular verbs.

Demonstrative Pronouns:

Demonstrative pronouns are those pronouns which are used to point out persons or objects to which they refer. They are this, these, that, those.

e.g.,   The river of Helmand is larger than that of Kabul.

This is the largest hall in Quetta city. 

Reflexive Pronouns:

The pronouns which return the action to the subject of the sentence is called reflexive pronoun.

e.g.,   Never deceive yourself.

Pray do not inconvenience yourself.

Reflexive pronouns are: (Himself, herself, and itself =third person singular & themselves = third person plural), (Myself, ourselves = First person(s)), (yourself, yourselves = second person(s))

Indefinite Pronouns:

Indefinite pronouns are used to indicate persons, things, places, and animals which are unknown or less clear and include compound words. The most common of the indefinite pronouns are:

Anyone/body, anything,
no one/body, nothing,
someone/body, something,
everyone/body, everything.
e.g.,   None of his poems are well known.

Somebody has stolen my watch.
Note: the words some, any, no, every + where form adverbs since referring to place.